results and discussion in qualitative research


results and discussion in qualitative research: Unveiling the Meaning behind the Data


Qualitative research is a valuable approach that provides in-depth insights and understanding of complex phenomena. Unlike quantitative research, which focuses on numerical data analysis, qualitative research emphasizes the interpretation and description of non-numerical data. In qualitative studies, the results and discussion section plays a crucial role in presenting and analyzing the findings to establish the credibility and trustworthiness of the research. This article aims to explore the significance of the results and discussion in qualitative research, including their purpose, content, and format.

Purpose of Results and Discussion

The results and discussion section serves several essential purposes in qualitative research. Firstly, it aims to present the research findings, which can be text, images, audio, and video recordings, as well as field notes or interview transcripts, among others. These findings are the raw materials for analysis and interpretation, so researchers need to provide a detailed description of their observations.

Secondly, the results and discussion section allows researchers to demonstrate the rigor and trustworthiness of their study. By presenting the evidence and supporting it with appropriate examples, researchers can establish the credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability of their findings. This contributes to the overall quality and validity of the research.

Content of Results and Discussion

The content of the results and discussion section in qualitative research should be carefully structured to provide a clear and logical flow of information. Typically, it includes three main elements: a summary of the findings, an interpretation of the findings, and a discussion of the implications.

The summary of the findings should provide a concise overview of the main themes, patterns, or codes identified during the analysis process. The use of quotes or excerpts from participants' responses can help illustrate the findings and enhance their credibility.

The interpretation of the findings involves translating the raw data into meaningful and coherent explanations. Researchers should aim to develop a comprehensive understanding of the phenomenon under investigation. This can be achieved through the identification of relationships, connections, and underlying themes or concepts present in the data.

The discussion of the implications focuses on the significance of the findings and their relevance to existing theories, literature, or practical applications. Researchers should critically appraise their findings and consider alternative interpretations or explanations. This section provides an opportunity to address any limitations or methodological challenges encountered during the research process.

Format of Results and Discussion

The format of the results and discussion section in qualitative research may vary depending on the specific research design or methodology used. However, there are some general guidelines that can be followed.

Firstly, researchers should organize the results and discussion in a coherent and logical manner. This can be achieved by grouping the findings based on themes, concepts, or any other relevant categories. Subheadings can be used to facilitate navigation and understanding.

Secondly, researchers should support their interpretations and claims with evidence from the data. This can be done by providing specific examples or quotes that illustrate the themes or patterns identified. Additionally, researchers should acknowledge any contradictory or unexpected findings and explain their significance.

Lastly, researchers should ensure that the language used in the results and discussion section is clear, concise, and accessible to the intended audience. Avoiding jargon and using plain language allows readers to comprehend and engage with the findings more effectively.


The results and discussion section in qualitative research serves as a platform to unravel the meaning behind the data and present the findings in a coherent and systematic manner. It plays a pivotal role in establishing the credibility and trustworthiness of the research. By summarizing the findings, interpreting them, and discussing their implications, researchers provide valuable insights that contribute to the existing knowledge in their respective fields. Following a clear structure and format ensures that the results and discussion are presented in a manner that is organized and accessible to the readers. Overall, the results and discussion section is an integral part of qualitative research, bridging the gap between raw data and meaningful conclusions.