results and discussion in research example pdf


Results and discussions are crucial components of a research paper. They provide an in-depth analysis and interpretation of the data collected and the findings of the research. In this article, we will discuss the structure, content, and examples of Results and Discussion sections in research papers.

The Results section presents the findings of the research in a concise and clear manner. It is organized in a logical sequence, highlighting the most important results first. The information provided in this section should be based on the objectives of the study and the analysis of the collected data. The Results section may include tables, graphs, and figures to present the data visually. These visual representations make it easier for the readers to understand and interpret the findings.

Let's take an example of a study on the impact of exercise on cardiovascular health. In the Results section, the researcher may present the data on blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and heart rate before and after the exercise intervention. They may include tables showing the mean values, standard deviations, and statistical significance of the results. Graphs can be used to display the trends in the data over time.

Once the findings are presented in the Results section, the Discussion section comes into play. This section provides an interpretation and analysis of the results. The researcher should explain the significance of the findings and relate them to the existing literature. They should also address any limitations or potential biases in the study design and methodology.

Continuing with the above example, the Discussion section could explain the decrease in blood pressure and cholesterol levels observed after the exercise intervention. The researcher may discuss the physiological mechanisms behind these changes and how they align with previous studies. They may also discuss the implications of the findings for clinical practice and future research directions. Additionally, they should acknowledge any limitations in the study, such as the small sample size or potential confounding factors.

It is crucial for the researcher to maintain objectivity and avoid overgeneralization or unsupported claims in the Discussion section. They should also avoid repeating the results that were already presented in the Results section. Instead, the Discussion section should focus on providing a deeper understanding and context of the results.

In a research paper, the Results and Discussion sections are closely interconnected. The Discussion section builds upon the findings presented in the Results section and expands on their meaning and implications. It should provide a logical and coherent argument that supports the research objectives and addresses the research question.

In conclusion, the Results and Discussion sections in a research paper are essential for understanding the findings and their implications. The Results section presents the data in a clear and concise manner, while the Discussion section provides an interpretation and analysis of the findings. Examples in these sections should be based on the research objectives and the data collected. It is important for researchers to communicate their results effectively and provide a meaningful discussion that contributes to the existing knowledge in the field.